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Title: Black Hole Mass Measurements of Early-type Galaxies NGC 1380 and NGC 6861 through ALMA and HST Observations and Gas-dynamical Modeling*
Abstract We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) Cycle 2 observations of CO(2–1) emission from the circumnuclear disks in two early-type galaxies, NGC 1380 and NGC 6861. The disk in each galaxy is highly inclined ( i ∼ 75°), and the projected velocities of the molecular gas near the galaxy centers are ∼300 km s −1 in NGC 1380 and ∼500 km s −1 in NGC 6861. We fit thin disk dynamical models to the ALMA data cubes to constrain the masses of the central black holes (BHs). We created host galaxy models using Hubble Space Telescope images for the extended stellar mass distributions and incorporated a range of plausible central dust extinction values. For NGC 1380, our best-fit model yields M BH = 1.47 × 10 8 M ⊙ with a ∼40% uncertainty. For NGC 6861, the lack of dynamical tracers within the BH’s sphere of influence due to a central hole in the gas distribution precludes a precise measurement of M BH . However, our model fits require a value for M BH in the range of (1–3) × 10 9 M ⊙ in NGC 6861 to reproduce the observations. The BH masses are generally consistent with predictions more » from local BH–host galaxy scaling relations. Systematic uncertainties associated with dust extinction of the host galaxy light and choice of host galaxy mass model dominate the error budget of both measurements. Despite these limitations, the measurements demonstrate ALMA’s ability to provide constraints on BH masses in cases where the BH’s projected radius of influence is marginally resolved or the gas distribution has a central hole. « less
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Award ID(s):
1814799 1614212
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
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Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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