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Title: Impact of the New 65 As(p,γ) 66 Se Reaction Rate on the Two-proton Sequential Capture of 64 Ge, Weak GeAs Cycles, and Type I X-Ray Bursts Such as the Clocked Burster GS 1826−24
Abstract We reassess the 65 As(p, γ ) 66 Se reaction rates based on a set of proton thresholds of 66 Se, S p ( 66 Se), estimated from the experimental mirror nuclear masses, theoretical mirror displacement energies, and full p f -model space shell-model calculation. The self-consistent relativistic Hartree–Bogoliubov theory is employed to obtain the mirror displacement energies with much reduced uncertainty, and thus reducing the proton-threshold uncertainty up to 161 keV compared to the AME2020 evaluation. Using the simulation instantiated by the one-dimensional multi-zone hydrodynamic code, K epler , which closely reproduces the observed GS 1826−24 clocked bursts, the present forward and reverse 65 As(p, γ ) 66 Se reaction rates based on a selected S p ( 66 Se) = 2.469 ± 0.054 MeV, and the latest 22 Mg( α ,p) 25 Al, 56 Ni(p, γ ) 57 Cu, 57 Cu(p, γ ) 58 Zn, 55 Ni(p, γ ) 56 Cu, and 64 Ge(p, γ ) 65 As reaction rates, we find that though the GeAs cycles are weakly established in the rapid-proton capture process path, the 65 As(p, γ ) 66 Se reaction still strongly characterizes the burst tail end due to the two-proton sequential capture more » on 64 Ge, not found by the Cyburt et al. sensitivity study. The 65 As(p, γ ) 66 Se reaction influences the abundances of nuclei A = 64, 68, 72, 76, and 80 up to a factor of 1.4. The new S p ( 66 Se) and the inclusion of the updated 22 Mg( α ,p) 25 Al reaction rate increases the production of 12 C up to a factor of 4.5, which is not observable and could be the main fuel for a superburst. The enhancement of the 12 C mass fraction alleviates the discrepancy in explaining the origin of the superburst. The waiting point status of and two-proton sequential capture on 64 Ge, the weak-cycle feature of GeAs at a region heavier than 64 Ge, and the impact of other possible S p ( 66 Se) are also discussed. « less
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The Astrophysical Journal
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National Science Foundation
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