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Title: GNSS-corrected InSAR displacement time-series spanning the 2019 Ridgecrest, CA earthquakes
SUMMARY InSAR displacement time-series are emerging as a valuable product to study a number of Earth processes. One challenge to current time-series processing methods, however, is that when large earthquakes occur, they can leave sharp coseismic steps in the time-series. These discontinuities can cause current atmospheric correction and noise smoothing algorithms to break down, as these algorithms commonly assume that deformation is steady through time. Here, we aim to remedy this by exploring two methods for correcting earthquake offsets in InSAR time-series: a simple difference offset estimate (SDOE) process and a multiparameter offset estimate (MPOE) parametric time-series inversion technique. We apply these methods to a 2-yr time-series of Sentinel-1 interferograms spanning the 2019 Ridgecrest, CA earthquake sequence. Descending track results indicate that the SDOE method precisely corrects for only 20 per cent of the coseismic offsets at 62 study locations included in our scene and only partially corrects or sometimes overcorrects for the rest of our study sites. On the other hand, the MPOE estimate method successfully corrects the coseismic offset for the majority of sites in our analysis. This MPOE method allows us to produce InSAR time-series and data-derived estimates of deformation during each phase of the earthquake cycle. In order to better isolate and estimate the signal of post-seismic lithospheric deformation in the InSAR time-series, we apply a GNSS-based correction to our interferograms. This correction ties the interferograms to median-filtered weekly GNSS displacements and removes additional atmospheric artefacts. We present InSAR-based estimates of post-seismic deformation for the area around the Ridgecrest rupture, as well as a 2-yr coseismic-corrected, GNSS-corrected InSAR time-series data set. This GNSS-corrected InSAR time-series will enable future modelling of post-seismic processes such as afterslip in the near field of the rupture, poroelastic deformation at intermediate distances and viscoelastic deformation at longer timescales in the far field.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
Geophysical Journal International
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1358 to 1373
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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