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Title: Oxygen Vacancies Enhance Lithium‐Ion Storage Properties of TiO 2 Hierarchical Spheres

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a promising electrode material for reversible lithium storage. However, the poor electronic conductivity, sluggish diffusivity, and intrinsic kinetics limit hinder its fast lithium storage capability. Here we present that the oxygen‐deficient TiO2hierarchical spheres can address the issues for high capacity, long‐term lithium‐ion battery anode. First‐principles calculations show that introducing oxygen vacancies to anatase TiO2can reduce the bandgap, thus improving the electronic conductivity and further the lithium storage properties of TiO2. By annealing TiO2/H2Ti5O11⋅3H2O hierarchical spheres precursor in nitrogen, accompanying with the phase transfer process, the growth of TiO2crystallites is restricted due to the generation of residual carbon species, resulting in a well maintained hierarchical spherical structure. Rich oxygen vacancies are generated in the oxygen‐deficient environment and evidenced by EPR, XPS, and UV‐Vis spectra, which enable the TiO2hierarchical spheres reduced bandgap. The oxygen vacancies in the as‐obtained TiO2hierarchical spheres together with the high structural integrity of the hierarchical spheres gives rise to superior lithium storage properties including a high specific capacity of 282 mAh g−1at 200 mA g−1, and long‐term cycling stability with a capacity retention of 85.2 % at 4 A g−1over 10000 cycles.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Batteries & Supercaps
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 1874-1880
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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