While being electrically insulating, magnetic insulators can behave as good spin conductors by carrying spin current with excited spin waves. So far, magnetic insulators are utilized in multilayer heterostructures for optimizing spin transport or to form magnon spin valves for reaching controls over the spin flow. In these studies, it remains an intensively visited topic as to what the corresponding roles of coherent and incoherent magnons are in the spin transmission. Meanwhile, understanding the underlying mechanism associated with spin transmission in insulators can help to identify new mechanisms that can further improve the spin transport efficiency. Here, by studying spin transport in a magnetic‐metal/magnetic‐insulator/platinum multilayer, it is demonstrated that coherent magnons can transfer spins efficiently above the magnon bandgap of magnetic insulators. Particularly the standing spin‐wave mode can greatly enhance the spin flow by inducing a resonant magnon transmission. Furthermore, within the magnon bandgap, a shutdown of spin transmission due to the blocking of coherent magnons is observed. The demonstrated magnon transmission enhancement and filtering effect provides an efficient method for modulating spin current in magnonic devices.
The active manipulation of quasiparticles, other than electrons, is a feasible alternative for developing the next generation of devices for information processing. Exploring magnons is advantageous as they can travel far and fast due to their low dissipation and high group velocity, transferring spin without charge transport, thus reducing the Joule heating. Moreover, magnon currents can switch a film's magnetization via a magnon torque facilitated by a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). We demonstrate the proof of principle for three states' memories via transport studies of thermally excited magnon currents at room temperature in ferrimagnetic insulating magnon valves TmIG/Au/TmIG with PMA. While varying the relative TmIG magnetizations orientation, magnon currents excited in TmIG films are detected as a voltage in a top platinum electrode film due to the inverse spin Hall effect. The magnon transmission is maximum in the parallel state where the two signals sum up. Possibilities are seen for wave-based nonvolatile magneto-resistive random-access memory, sensing, and logic devices.more » « less
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Publisher / Repository:
- American Institute of Physics
- Date Published:
- Journal Name:
- Applied Physics Letters
- Page Range / eLocation ID:
- Article No. 082402
- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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