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Title: Gasdynamic electron cyclotron ion sources: Basic physics, applications, and diagnostic techniques

The gasdynamic electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source is a type of the device in which the ionization efficiency is achieved primarily due to a high plasma density. Because of a high particle collision rate, the confinement is determined by a gasdynamic plasma outflow from a magnetic trap. Due to high efficiency of resonant heating, electrons gain energy significantly higher than that in inductively or capacitively coupled plasmas. As a consequence of such a parameter combination, the gasdynamic ECR plasma can be a unique source of low to medium charged ions, providing a high current and an ultimate quality of an ion beam. One of the most demanded directions of its application today is a development of high-current proton injectors for modern accelerators and neutron sources of different intensities. Special plasma parameters allow for the use of diagnostic techniques, traditional for multiply charged ECR plasmas as well as for other types of discharges with a high plasma density. Among the additional techniques, one can mention the methods of numerical simulation and reconstruction of the plasma density and temperature from the parameters of the extracted ion beams. Another point is that the high plasma density makes it possible to measure it more » from the Stark broadening of hydrogen lines by spectroscopy of plasma emission in the visible range, which is a fairly convenient non-invasive diagnostic method. The present paper discusses the main physical aspects of the gasdynamic ECR plasma, suitable diagnostic techniques, and possibilities and future prospects for its various applications.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. 033502
American Institute of Physics
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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