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Title: Intermediate valence state in YbB 4 revealed by resonant x-ray emission spectroscopy
Abstract

We report the temperature dependence of the Yb valence in the geometrically frustrated compoundYbB4from 12 to 300 K using resonant x-ray emission spectroscopy at the YbLα1transition. We find that the Yb valence,v, is hybridized between thev = 2 andv = 3 valence states, increasing fromv=2.61±0.01at 12 K tov=2.67±0.01at 300 K, confirming thatYbB4is a Kondo system in the intermediate valence regime. This result indicates that the Kondo interaction inYbB4is substantial, and is likely to be the reason whyYbB4does not order magnetically at low temperature, rather than this being an effect of geometric frustration. Furthermore, the zero-point valence of the system is extracted from our data and compared with other Kondo lattice systems. The zero-point valence seems to be weakly dependent on the Kondo temperature scale, but not on the valence change temperature scaleTv.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10368030
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume:
34
Issue:
34
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. 345601
ISSN:
0953-8984
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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