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Title: 210 Pb and 7 Be as Coupled Flux and Source Tracers for Aerosols in the Pacific Ocean

Deposition of aerosols to the surface ocean is an important factor affecting primary production in the surface ocean. However, the sources and fluxes of aerosols and associated trace elements remain poorly defined. Aerosol210Pb,210Po, and7Be data were collected on US GEOTRACES cruise GP15 (Pacific Meridional Transect, 152°W; 2018).210Pb fluxes are low close to the Alaskan margin, increase to a maximum at ∼43°N, then decrease to lower values. There is good agreement between210Pb fluxes and long‐term land‐based fluxes during the SEAREX program (1970–1980s), as well as between GP15 and GP16 (East Pacific Zonal Transect, 12°S; 2013) at adjacent stations. A normalized fractionf(7Be,210Pb) is used to discern aerosols with upper (highf) versus lower (lowf) troposphere sources. Alaskan/North Pacific aerosols show significant continental influence while equatorial/South Pacific aerosols are supplied to the marine boundary layer from the upper troposphere. Lithogenic trace elements Al and Ti show inverse correlations withf(7Be,210Pb), supporting a continental boundary layer provenance while anthropogenic Pb shows no clear relationship withf(7Be,210Pb). All but four samples have210Po/210Pb activity ratios <0.2 suggesting short aerosol residence time. Among the four samples (210Po/210Pb = 0.42–0.88), two suggest an upper troposphere source and longer aerosol residence time while the remaining two cannot be explained by long aerosol residence time nor a significant component of dust. We hypothesize that enrichments of210Po in them are linked to Po enrichments in the sea surface microlayer, possibly through Po speciation as a dissolved organic or dimethyl polonide species.

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Award ID(s):
1736591 1736612 1756104
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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