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Title: Sensitivity and Detection Limit of Spectroscopic‐Grade Perovskite CsPbBr 3 Crystal for Hard X‐Ray Detection

Spectroscopic‐grade single crystal detectors can register the energies of individual X‐ray interactions enabling photon‐counting systems with superior resolution over traditional photoconductive X‐ray detection systems. Current technical challenges have limited the preparation of perovskite semiconductors for energy‐discrimination X‐ray photon‐counting detection. Here, this work reports the deployment of a spectroscopic‐grade CsPbBr3Schottky detector under reverse bias for continuum hard X‐ray detection in both the photocurrent and spectroscopic schemes. High surface barriers of1 eV are formed by depositing solid bismuth and gold contacts. The spectroscopic response under a hard X‐ray source is assessed in resolving the characteristic X‐ray peak. The methodology in enhancing X‐ray sensitivity by controlling the X‐ray energies and flux, and voltage, is described. The X‐ray sensitivity varies between a few tens to over 8000 μC Gyair−1cm−2. The detectable dose rate of the CsPbBr3detectors is as low as 0.02 nGyairs−1in the energy discrimination configuration. Finally, the unbiased CsPbBr3device forms a spontaneous contact potential difference of about 0.7 V enabling high quality of the CsPbBr3single crystals to operate in “passive” self‐powered X‐ray detection mode and the X‐ray sensitivity is estimated as 14 μC Gyair−1cm−2. The great potential of spectroscopic‐grade CsPbBr3devices for X‐ray photon‐counting systems is anticipated in this work.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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