Proper pain management is well understood to be one of the fundamental aspects of a healthy postoperative recovery in conjunction with mobility and nutrition. Approximately, 10% of patients prescribed opioids after surgery continue to use opioids in the long-term and as little as 10 days on opioids can result in addiction. In an effort to provide physicians with an alternative pain management technique, this work evaluates the material properties of a novel local anesthetic delivery system designed for controlled release of bupivacaine for 72 hours. The formulation utilizes solid-lipid microparticles that encapsulate the hydrophobic molecule bupivacaine in its free-base form. The lipid microparticles are suspended in a non-crosslinked hyaluronic acid hydrogel, which acts as the microparticle carrier. Two different particle manufacturing techniques, milling and hot homogenization, were evaluated in this work. The hot homogenized particles had a slower and more controlled release than the milled particles. Rheological techniques revealed that the suspension remains a viscoelastic fluid when loaded with either particle type up to 25% (w/v) particles densities. Furthermore, the shear thinning properties of the suspension media, hyaluronic acid hydrogel, were conserved when bupivacaine-loaded solid-lipid microparticles were loaded up to densities of 25% (w/v) particle loading. The force during injection was more »
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Journal of Biomaterials Applications
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- p. 724-736
- SAGE Publications
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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