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Title: Evidence of Nighttime Production of Organic Nitrates During SEAC 4 RS, FRAPPÉ, and KORUS‐AQ

Organic nitrates (RONO2) are an important NOxsink. In warm, rural environments dominated by biogenic emissions, nocturnal NO3‐initiated production of RONO2is competitive with daytime OH‐initiated RONO2production. However, in urban areas, OH‐initiated production of RONO2has been assumed dominant and NO3‐initiated production considered negligible. We show evidence for nighttime RONO2production similar in magnitude to daytime production during three aircraft campaigns in chemically distinct summertime environments: Studies of Emissions and Atmospheric Composition, Clouds, and Climate Coupling by Regional Surveys (SEAC4RS) in the rural Southeastern United States, Front Range Air Pollution and Photochemistry Experiment (FRAPPÉ) in the Colorado Front Range, and Korea‐United States Air Quality Study (KORUS‐AQ) around the megacity of Seoul. During each campaign, morning observations show RONO2enhancements at constant, near‐background Ox(≡ O3+NO2) concentrations, indicating that the RONO2are from a non‐photochemical source, whereas afternoon observations show a strong correlation between RONO2and Oxresulting from photochemical production. We show that there are sufficient precursors for nighttime RONO2formation during all three campaigns. This evidence impacts our understanding of nighttime NOxchemistry.

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DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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