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Title: Enhanced Tumor Accumulation of Multimodal Magneto‐Plasmonic Nanoparticles via an Implanted Micromagnet‐Assisted Delivery Strategy
Abstract

One of the major shortcomings of nano carriers‐assisted cancer therapeutic strategies continues to be the inadequate tumor penetration and retention of systemically administered nanoformulations and its off‐target toxicity. Stromal parameters‐related heterogeneity in enhanced permeability and retention effect and physicochemical properties of the nanoformulations immensely contributes to their poor tumor extravasation. Herein, a novel tumor targeting strategy, where an intratumorally implanted micromagnet can significantly enhance accumulation of magneto‐plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) at the micromagnet‐implanted tumor in bilateral colorectal tumor models while limiting their off‐target accumulation, is demonstrated. To this end, novel multimodal gold/iron oxide NPs comprised of an array of multifunctional moieties with high therapeutic, sensing, and imaging potential are developed. It is also discovered that cancer cell targeted NPs in combination with static magnetic field can selectively induce cancer cell death. A multimodal caspase‐3 nanosensor is also developed for real‐time visualization of selective induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. In addition, the photothermal killing capability of these NPs in vitro is evaluated, and their potential for enhanced photothermal ablation in tissue samples is demonstrated. Building on current uses of implantable devices for therapeutic purposes, this study envisions the proposed micromagnet‐assisted NPs delivery approach may be used to accelerate the clinical translation of various nanoformulations.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10377058
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Volume:
12
Issue:
2
ISSN:
2192-2640
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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