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Title: Optical and X-ray follow-up to a globular cluster ultraluminous X-ray source in NGC 4472

NGC 4472 is home to five ultraluminous X-ray sources hosted by globular clusters. These sources have been suggested as good black hole candidates in extragalactic globular clusters—a highly sought after population that may provide observational information regarding the progenitors of merging black hole binaries. In this body of work, we present X-ray and optical follow-up to one of these sources, CXOUJ1229410+075744 (GCU1). We find no evidence of [OIII] optical emission in GCU1 which indicates a lack of significant evidence for super-Eddington outflows, unlike what is seen in a handful of ULXs in extragalactic GCs. X-ray monitoring from 2019 to 2021 shows no detected X-ray emission above a few × 1038 erg/s. Comparisons of the multiwavelength properties to disc-dominated, near Eddington Galactic black hole low-mass X-ray binaries (GRS 1915+105 and XTEJ1817-330) suggests that GCU1 may show similar behaviour to GRS 1915+105 in terms of X-ray variability and similar relationships between LX and kT, with GCU1 showing maximum X-ray luminosities on order of higher magnitude.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 855-859
Oxford University Press
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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