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Title: Association of optical, ultraviolet, and soft X-ray excess emissions in AGNs

Soft X-ray emission (0.5–2.0 keV) plays a pivotal role in regulating the optical and ultraviolet (UV) emission in the active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We collected a sample of 1811 AGNs from the SDSS database and obtained various parameters of Balmer lines, optical continuum, Mg ii line & UV continuum and studied their dependencies on soft X-ray luminosity. Based on the linear regression analysis, we found that FWHM$_{\rm {Mg\,\,\small {II}}}$ ∝ FWHM$_{\text{H}\beta }^{0.554}$ suggesting that UV emission is arising from a region relatively outside the broad-line region (BLR) associated to the Hβ emission and found a strong correlation between optical and UV luminosities (L$_{\rm {Mg\,\,\small {II}}}$ ∝ $L_{\rm {H}\beta }^{0.822}$). It was noticed that the dependency of optical continuum luminosities on soft excess changes with the redshift (LX ∝ L$^{0.596}_{5100\, \mathring{\rm A}}$ for z < 0.5 and LX ∝ L$^{0.429}_{5100\, \mathring{\rm A}}$ for z > 0.5). The full width at half-maximum components of Hβ and Mg ii core components were found to be virialized and is not affected by the soft excess emission whereas the wings of Mg ii display a dependency. We estimated a relation viz. LX ∝L$^{0.520}_{3000\, \mathring{\rm A}}$ FWHM$^{0.525}_{\rm {Mg\,\,\small {II}}}$ and found to be well in agreement with a proposed more » physical scenario. All the derived relations were used to understand the intermodulating association of the BLR and disc in the AGNs.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 5705-5717
Oxford University Press
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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