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Title: To twist or not to twist: From chromophore structure to dynamics inside engineered photoconvertible and photoswitchable fluorescent proteins
Award ID(s):
1817949 2003550
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Protein Science
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. The effect of the molecular chirality of chiral additives on the nanostructure of the twist-bend nematic (N TB ) liquid crystal phase with ambidextrous chirality and nanoscale pitch due to spontaneous symmetry breaking is studied. It is found that the ambidextrous nanoscale pitch of the N TB phase increases by 50% due to 3% chiral additive, and the chiral transfer among the biphenyl groups disappears in the N TB * phase. Most significantly, a twist-grain boundary (TGB) type phase is found at c > 1.5 wt% chiral additive concentrations below the usual N* phase and above the non-CD active N TB * phase. In such a TGB type phase, the adjacent blocks of pseudo-layers of the nanoscale pitch rotate across the grain boundaries. 
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  2. Abstract

    Moiré patterns at van der Waals interfaces between twisted 2D crystals give rise to distinct optoelectronic excitations, as well as, narrowly dispersive bands responsible for correlated electron phenomena. Contrasting with the conventional, mechanically stacked planar twist moirés, recent work shows twisted van der Waals interfaces spontaneously formed in nanowires of layered crystals, where Eshelby twist due to axial screw dislocations stabilizes a chiral structure with small interlayer rotation. Here, the realization of tunable twist in germanium(II) sulfide (GeS) van der Waals nanowires is reported. Tapered nanowires host continuously variable interlayer twist. Homojunctions between dislocated (chiral) and defect‐free (achiral) segments are obtained by triggering the emission of axial dislocations during growth. Measurements across such junctions, implemented here using local absorption and luminescence spectroscopy, provide a convenient tool for detecting twist effects. The results identify a versatile system for 3D twistronics, probing moiré physics, and for realizing moiré architectures without equivalent in planar systems.

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