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Title: X-ray emission of the radio-loud quasar SDSS J121426.52+140258.9: independent variations between optical/UV and X-ray emission

To understand the X-ray emission of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we explored the optical-to-X-ray variation correlation of a radio-loud quasar (RLQ) SDSS J121426.52+140258.9 (hereafter J1214+1402) with multi-epoch observations by the Swift and XMM–Newton telescopes. With the historical multiband data, we found that the infrared-to-X-ray flux of RLQ J1214+1402 should not be dominated by the beamed-jet emission. The Swift optical/UV and X-ray light curves showed that J1214+1402 has two optical states, with low flux before 2014 April 8 and high flux after 2014 June 11, but has no significant X-ray variations during the time range between 2007 March 9 and 2014 August 4. This result was supported by the XMM–Newton observations in the time overlapping with Swift. Interestingly, the early XMM–Newton data prior to the Swift time present two unusual emission epochs when J1214+1402 has relatively low optical fluxes but has the brightest X-ray fluxes. The overall independence of optical-to-X-ray variation seems hard to describe by the disc–corona model. With the X-ray spectral fitting, we find that the soft X-ray excess in J1214+1402 appears only during the high optical state when the X-ray emission is at a low state. The soft X-ray excess in J1214+1402 is difficult to explain by more » an ionized accretion disc; instead, it may be related to the warm corona.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 909-921
Oxford University Press
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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