Endosidins are a group of low-molecular-weight compounds, first identified by ‘chemical biology’ screening assays, that have been used to target specific components of the endomembrane system. In this study, we employed multiple microscopy-based screening techniques to elucidate the effects of endosidin 5 (ES5) on the Golgi apparatus and the secretion of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in Penium margaritaceum. These effects were compared with those caused by treatments with brefeldin A and concanamycin A. Penium margaritaceum’s extensive Golgi apparatus and endomembrane system make it an outstanding model organism for screening changes to the endomembrane system. Here we detail changes to the Golgi apparatus and secretion of ECM material caused by ES5.
Changes to extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) secretion and cell wall expansion were screened using fluorescence microscopy. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to assess changes to the Golgi apparatus, the cell wall and the vesicular network. Electron tomography was also performed to detail the changes to the Golgi apparatus.
While other endosidins were able to impact EPS secretion and cell wall expansion, only ES5 completely inhibited EPS secretion and cell wall expansion over 24 h. Short treatments of ES5 resulted in displacementmore »
ES5 alters secretion of ECM material in Penium by affecting the Golgi apparatus and does so in a markedly different way from other endomembrane inhibitors such as brefeldin A and concanamycin A.