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Title: 2D optical confinement in an etchless stratified trench waveguide

We demonstrate novel trapezoidal and rectangular stratified trench optical waveguide designs that feature low-loss two-dimensional confinement of guided optical modes that can be realized in continuous polymer thin film layers formed in a trench mold. The design is based on geometrical bends in a thin film core to enable two-dimensional confinement of light in the transverse plane, without any variation in the core thickness. Incidentally, the waveguide design would completely obviate the need for etching the waveguide core, avoiding the scattering loss due to the etched sidewall roughness. This new design exhibits an intrinsic leakage loss due to coupling of light out of the trench, which can be minimized by choosing an appropriate waveguide geometry. Finite-difference eigenmode simulation demonstrates a low intrinsic leakage loss of less than 0.15 dB/cm. We discuss the principle of operation of these stratified trench waveguides and present the design and numerical simulations of a specific realization of this waveguide geometry. The design considerations and tradeoffs in propagation loss and confinement compared with traditional ridge waveguides are discussed.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Optical Society of America
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Optics Express
1094-4087; OPEXFF
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Article No. 5140
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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