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Title: C 3 plant carbon isotope discrimination does not respond to CO 2 concentration on decadal to centennial timescales
Summary

Plant carbon isotope discrimination is complex, and could be driven by climate, evolution and/or edaphic factors. We tested the climate drivers of carbon isotope discrimination in modern and historical plant chemistry, and focus in particular on the relationship between rising [CO2] over Industrialization and carbon isotope discrimination.

We generated temporal records of plant carbon isotopes from museum specimens collected over a climo‐sequence to test plant responses to climate and atmospheric change over the past 200 yr (includingPinus strobus,Platycladus orientalis,Populus tremuloides,Thuja koraiensis,Thuja occidentalis,Thuja plicata,Thuja standishiiandThuja sutchuenensis). We aggregated our results with a meta‐analysis of a wide range of C3plants to make a comprehensive study of the distribution of carbon isotope discrimination and values among different plant types.

We show that climate variables (e.g. mean annual precipitation, temperature and, key to this study, CO2in the atmosphere) do not drive carbon isotope discrimination.

Plant isotope discrimination is intrinsic to each taxon, and could link phylogenetic relationships and adaptation to climate quantitatively and over ecological to geological time scales.

 
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Award ID(s):
1812949
NSF-PAR ID:
10398589
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley-Blackwell
Date Published:
Journal Name:
New Phytologist
Volume:
229
Issue:
5
ISSN:
0028-646X
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 2576-2585
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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