The switching performance of unpackaged vertical geometry NiO/ β -Ga 2 O 3 rectifiers with a reverse breakdown voltage of 1.76 kV (0.1 cm diameter, 7.85 × 10 −3 cm 2 area) and an absolute forward current of 1.9 A fabricated on 20 μ m thick epitaxial β -Ga 2 O 3 drift layers and a double layer of NiO to optimize breakdown and contact resistance was measured with an inductive load test circuit. The Baliga figure-of-merit of the devices was 261 MW.cm −2 , with differential on-state resistance of 11.86 mΩ.cm 2 . The recovery characteristics for these rectifiers switching from forward current of 1 A to reverse off-state voltage of −550 V showed a measurement-parasitic-limited recovery time (t rr ) of 101 ns, with a peak current value of 1.4 A for switching from 640 V. The reverse recovery time was limited by extrinsic parasitic and thus does not represent the intrinsic device characteristics. There was no significant dependence of t rr on switching voltage or forward current.
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NiO/β-(Al x Ga 1−x ) 2 O 3 /Ga 2 O 3 heterojunction lateral rectifiers with reverse breakdown voltage >7 kV
NiO/β-(Al x Ga 1− x ) 2 O 3 /Ga 2 O 3 heterojunction lateral geometry rectifiers with diameter 50–100 μm exhibited maximum reverse breakdown voltages >7 kV, showing the advantage of increasing the bandgap using the β-(Al x Ga 1− x ) 2 O 3 alloy. This Si-doped alloy layer was grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition with an Al composition of ∼21%. On-state resistances were in the range of 50–2180 Ω cm 2 , leading to power figures-of-merit up to 0.72 MW cm −2 . The forward turn-on voltage was in the range of 2.3–2.5 V, with maximum on/off ratios >700 when switching from 5 V forward to reverse biases up to −100 V. Transmission line measurements showed the specific contact resistance was 0.12 Ω cm 2 . The breakdown voltage is among the highest reported for any lateral geometry Ga 2 O 3 -based rectifier.
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