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Title: Achieving Targeted Delivery of Chemotherapeutic Particles to Small Airway Tumors via Pulmonary Route Using Endotracheal Catheters: A CFPD Study
Tracheobronchial tumors, while uncommon, are often malignant in adults. Surgical removal is the primary therapy for non-metastatic lung malignancies, but it is only possible in a small percentage of non-small-cell lung cancer patients and is limited by the number and location of tumors, as well as the patient’s overall health. This study proposes an alternative treatment: administering aerosolized chemotherapeutic particles via the pulmonary route using endotracheal catheters to target lung tumors. To improve delivery efficiency to the lesion, it is essential to understand local drug deposition and particle transport dynamics. This study uses an experimentally validated computational fluid particle dynamics (CFPD) model to simulate the transport and deposition of inhaled chemotherapeutic particles in a 3-dimensional tracheobronchial tree with 10 generations (G). Based on the particle release maps, targeted drug delivery strategies are proposed to enhance particle deposition at two lung tumor sites in G10. Results indicate that controlled drug release can improve particle delivery efficiencies at both targeted regions. The use of endotracheal catheters significantly affects particle delivery efficiencies in targeted tumors. The parametric analysis shows that using smaller catheters can deliver more than 74% of particles to targeted tumor sites, depending on the location of the tumor and the more » catheter diameter used, compared to less than 1% using conventional particle administration methods. Furthermore, the results indicate that particle release time has a significant impact on particle deposition under the same inhalation profile. This study serves as a first step in understanding the impact of catheter diameter on localized endotracheal injection for targeting tumors in small lung airways. « less
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National Science Foundation
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