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Title: Stress testing ΛCDM with high-redshift galaxy candidates

Early data from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) have revealed a bevy of high-redshift galaxy candidates with unexpectedly high stellar masses. An immediate concern is the consistency of these candidates with galaxy formation in the standardΛCDM cosmological model, wherein the stellar mass (M) of a galaxy is limited by the available baryonic reservoir of its host dark matter halo. The mass function of dark matter haloes therefore imposes an absolute upper limit on the number densityn(>M, z) and stellar mass densityρ(>M, z) of galaxies more massive thanMat any epochz. Here I show that the most massive galaxy candidates in JWST observations atz ≈ 7–10 lie at the very edge of these limits, indicating an important unresolved issue with the properties of galaxies derived from the observations, how galaxies form at early times inΛCDM or within this standard cosmology itself.

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Award ID(s):
2108962 1910346 1752913
Author(s) / Creator(s):
Publisher / Repository:
Nature Publishing Group
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Nature Astronomy
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 731-735
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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