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Title: Contribution of rock glacier discharge to late summer and fall streamflow in the Uinta Mountains, Utah, USA
Abstract. Water draining from rock glaciers in the Uinta Mountains of Utah(USA) was analyzed and compared with samples of groundwater and water fromthe primary stream in a representative 5000 ha drainage. Rock glacier water resembles snowmelt in the early summer but evolves to higher values of d-excess and greatly elevated Ca and Mg content as the melt season progresses. This pattern is consistent with models describing a transition from snowmelt to melting of seasonal ice to melting of perennial ice in the rock glacier interior in late summer and fall. Water derived from this internal ice appears to have been the source of ∼25 % of the streamflow in this study area during September of 2021. This result emphasizes the significant role that rock glaciers can play in the hydrology of high-elevation watersheds, particularly in summers following a winter with below-average snowpack.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences
Page Range / eLocation ID:
543 to 557
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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