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Title: Polarized X-Rays from Windy Accretion in Cygnus X-1
Abstract

Recent X-ray polarimetric data on the prototypical black hole X-ray binary Cyg X-1 from the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer present tight constraints on accretion geometry in the hard spectral state. Contrary to general expectations of a low, ≲1% polarization degree (PD), the observed average PD was found to be a factor of 4 higher. Aligned with the jet position angle on the sky, the observed polarization favors geometry of the X-ray emission region stretched normally to the jet in the accretion disk plane. The high PD is, however, difficult to reconcile with the low orbital inclination of the binaryi≈ 30°. We suggest that this puzzle can be explained if the emitting plasma is outflowing with a mildly relativistic velocity ≳0.4c. Our radiative transfer simulations show that Comptonization in the outflowing medium elongated in the plane of the disk and radiates X-rays with the degree and direction of polarization consistent with observations ati≈ 30°.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10415615
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Volume:
949
Issue:
1
ISSN:
2041-8205
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: Article No. L10
Size(s):
Article No. L10
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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