skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on June 2, 2024

Title: Acousto‐Plasmo‐Magnonics: Coupling Spin Waves with Hybridized Phonon‐Plasmon Waves in a 2D Artificial Magnonic Crystal Deposited on a Plasmonic Material
Abstract

Coupling between spin waves (SWs) and other waves in nanostructured media has emerged as an important topic of research because of the rich physics and the potential for disruptive technologies. Herein, a new phenomenon is reported in this family involving coupling between SWs and hybridized phonon‐plasmon waves in a 2D periodic array of magnetostrictive nanomagnets deposited on a silicon substrate with an intervening thin film of aluminium that acts as a source of surface plasmons. Hybridized phonon‐plasmon waves naturally form in this composite material when exposed to ultrashort laser pulses and they non‐linearly couple with SWs to produce a new breed of waves – acousto‐plasmo‐spin waves that can exhibit a “frequency comb” spanning more than one octave. This phenomenon, that we call acousto‐plasmo‐magnonics resulting from tripartite coupling of magnons, phonons and plasmons, is studied with time‐resolved magneto‐optical‐Kerr‐effect microscopy. The findings also reveal the presence of parametric amplification in this system; energy is transferred from the hybridized phonon‐plasmon modes to the acousto‐plasmo‐spin wave modes to amplify the latter. This opens a path to design novel active metamaterials with tailored and enhanced response. It may enable high‐efficiency magneto‐mechanical‐plasmonic frequency mixing in the GHz−THz frequency regime and provide a unique avenue to study non‐linear coupling, parametric amplification, and frequency comb physics.

 
more » « less
NSF-PAR ID:
10418457
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Volume:
33
Issue:
37
ISSN:
1616-301X
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. null (Ed.)
    Using time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr effect (TR-MOKE) microscopy, we demonstrate surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) induced resonant amplification of intrinsic spin-wave (SW) modes, as well as generation of new extrinsic or driven modes at the SAW frequency, in a densely packed two-dimensional array of elliptical Co nanomagnets fabricated on a piezoelectric LiNbO 3 substrate. This system can efficiently serve as a magnonic crystal (MC), where the intrinsic shape anisotropy and the strong inter-element magnetostatic interaction trigger the incoherent precession of the nanomagnets' magnetization in the absence of any bias magnetic field, giving rise to the ‘intrinsic’ SW modes. The magnetoelastic coupling leads to a rich variety of SW phenomena when the SAW is launched along the major axis of the nanomagnets, such as 4–7 times amplification of intrinsic modes (at 3, 4, 7 and 10 GHz) when the applied SAW frequencies are resonant with these frequencies, and the generation of new extrinsic modes at non-resonant SAW frequencies. However, when the SAW is launched along the minor axis, a dominant driven mode appears at the applied SAW frequency. This reveals that the magnetoelastic coupling between SW and SAW is anisotropic in nature. Micromagnetic simulation results are in qualitative agreement with the experimental observations and elucidate the underlying dynamics. Our findings lay the groundwork for bias-field free magnonics, where the SW behavior is efficiently tuned by SAWs. It has important applications in the design of energy efficient on-chip microwave devices, SW logic, and extreme sub-wavelength ultra-miniaturized microwave antennas for embedded applications. 
    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    Magnetoelastic coupling is considered as one of the most reliable method to induce nonreciprocity of propagation losses of microwave‐frequency surface acoustic waves (SAW) and other acoustic modes propagating in nonmagnetic‐ferromagnetic heterostructures. Here, it is demonstrated theoretically that magnetoelastic coupling can also induce phase nonreciprocity of SAW, which is necessary for the development of SAW circulators and other nonreciprocal solid‐state‐acoustic devices. In contrast to previous studies, induction of the phase nonreciprocity requires the coupling of SAW to a strongly nonreciprocal spin wave (SW), having the nonreciprocal splitting of the SW spectrum much larger than the strength of the magnetoelastic coupling, which, in turn, should be much larger than the geometric mean of the SW and SAW damping rates. In this case, the hybridized SAW in the spectral region between the magnetoelastic gaps demonstrate significant phase nonreciprocity, retaining, at the same time, propagation losses that are close to those of unhybridized SAW. Possible practical realization of nonreciprocal SAW phase shifters and SAW‐ring‐based circulators based on hybridized waves in acoustic crystal and synthetic antiferromagnetic heterostructures is discussed.

     
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    We observed strong tripartite magnon-phonon-magnon coupling in a two-dimensional periodic array of magnetostrictive nanomagnets deposited on a piezoelectric substrate, forming a 2D magnetoelastic “crystal”; the coupling occurred between two Kittel-type spin wave (magnon) modes and a (non-Kittel) magnetoelastic spin wave mode caused by a surface acoustic wave (SAW) (phonons). The strongest coupling occurred when the frequencies and wavevectors of the three modes matched, leading to perfect phase matching. We achieved this condition by carefully engineering the frequency of the SAW, the nanomagnet dimensions and the bias magnetic field that determined the frequencies of the two Kittel-type modes. The strong coupling (cooperativity factor exceeding unity) led to the formation of a new quasi-particle, called a binary magnon-polaron, accompanied by nearly complete (~100%) transfer of energy from the magnetoelastic mode to the two Kittel-type modes. This coupling phenomenon exhibited significant anisotropy since the array did not have rotational symmetry in space. The experimental observations were in good agreement with the theoretical simulations.

     
    more » « less
  4. The interplay of charge, spin, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom in correlated materials often leads to rich and exotic properties. Recent studies have brought new perspectives to bosonic collective excitations in correlated materials. For example, inelastic neutron scattering experiments revealed non-trivial band topology for magnons and spin–orbit excitons (SOEs) in a quantum magnet CoTiO3(CTO). Here, we report phonon properties resulting from a combination of strong spin–orbit coupling, large crystal field splitting, and trigonal distortion in CTO. Specifically, the interaction between SOEs and phonons endows chirality to twoEgphonon modes and leads to large phonon magnetic moments observed in magneto-Raman spectra. The remarkably strong magneto-phononic effect originates from the hybridization of SOEs and phonons due to their close energy proximity. While chiral phonons have been associated with electronic topology in some materials, our work suggests opportunities may arise by exploring chiral phonons coupled to topological bosons.

     
    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    Current graphene‐based plasmonic devices are restricted to 2D patterns defined on planar substrates; thus, they suffer from spatially limited 2D plasmon fields. Here, 3D graphene forming freestanding nanocylinders realized by a plasma‐triggered self‐assembly process are introduced. The graphene‐based nanocylinders induce hybridized edge (in‐plane) and radial (out‐of‐plane) coupled 3D plasmon modes stemming from their curvature, resulting in a four orders of magnitude stronger field at the openings of the cylinders than in rectangular 2D graphene ribbons. For the characterization of the 3D plasmon modes, synchrotron nanospectroscopy measurements are performed, which provides the evidence of preservation of the hybridized 3D graphene plasmons in the high precision curved nanocylinders. The distinct 3D modes introduced in this paper, provide an insight into geometry‐dependent 3D coupled plasmon modes and their ability to achieve non‐surface‐limited (volumetric) field enhancements.

     
    more » « less