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Title: Tight power and energy coupling constraints of energy storage resources for unit commitment

Energy Storage Resources (ESRs) can help promote high penetrations of renewable generation and shift the peak load. However, the increasing number of ESRs and their features different from conventional generators bring computational challenges to operations of wholesale electricity markets. In order to improve the computational efficiency, this paper tightens the generic ESR formulation for unit commitment. To avoid the complexity caused by ESR operations in both discharge and charge directions, a novel “decoupled analysis” is conducted to analyze one direction at a time. For each direction, ESRs over two and three time periods are categorized into several types based on their parameters. For each type, our recent four‐step systematic formulation tightening approach is used to construct the corresponding tight formulation. In order to consider more periods without analyzing all the drastically increased number of types, a series of major types are selected based on how many periods an ESR is able to discharge (charge) consecutively at the upper power limit. A related generic form of tight constraints over multiple periods is established. Moreover, validity and facet‐defining proofs of our tight constraints have been provided. Numerical testing results illustrate the tightening process and demonstrate computational benefits of the tightened formulations.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1049
Date Published:
Journal Name:
IET Renewable Power Generation
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 2276-2289
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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