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Title: Rates of Olivine Grain Growth During Dynamic Recrystallization and Postdeformation Annealing
Abstract

We performed deformation and grain growth experiments on natural olivine aggregates with olivine water contents (COH = 600 ± 300 H/106 Si) similar to upper mantle olivine, at 1000–1200°C and 1,400 ± 100 MPa confining pressure. Our experiments differ from published grain growth studies in that most were (1) conducted on natural olivine cores rather than hot‐pressed aggregates and (2) dynamically recrystallized prior to or during grain growth. We combine our results with similar experiments performed at 1200–1300°C and fit the data to a grain growth relationship, yielding a growth exponent (p) of 3.2, activation energy (EG) 620 ± 145 kJ mol1(570 ± 145 kJ mol1when accounting for the role of temperature on water content), activation volume (VG) ~5 × 10−6 m3mol1, and rate constant (k0) 1.8 × 103 mp s−1. OurEGis within uncertainty of that predicted for dislocation creep of wet olivine (E* = 480 ± 40 kJ mol−1). Grain size in strain rate‐stepping samples adjusted to the olivine piezometer within 1.3–7.9% strain. The active grain boundary migration processes during deformation and dynamic recrystallization affect the kinetics of postdeformation grain growth, as grain boundary migration driven by strain energy density (ρGBM) may delay the onset of grain growth driven by interfacial energy (γGBM). We compared our postdeformation grain growth rates with data from previously published hydrostatic annealing experiments on synthetic olivine. At geologic timescales, the growth rates are much slower than predicted by the existing wet olivine grain growth law.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10420623
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume:
125
Issue:
11
ISSN:
2169-9313
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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