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Title: The ECO framework: advancing evidence-based science engagement within environmental research programs and organizations
Abstract

Despite widespread interest in science communication, public engagement with science, and engaged research, a large gap exists between the theories behind science engagement and how it is practiced within the scientific community. The scholarship of science engagement is also fractured, with knowledge and insights fragmented across discourses related to science communication, informal science learning, participatory research, and sustainability science. In the present article, we share a planning tool for integrating evidence and theory from these discourses into effective programs and projects. The ECO framework promotes three distinct and interacting modes of science engagement practice: formative engagement (listening and relationship building), codesign and coproduction (action-oriented partnerships), and broader outreach (expanding networks and dissemination). By planning engagement activities with attention to these three modes of engagement, scientists and scientific research organizations will be better poised to address urgent needs for stronger connections between science and society and increased use of scientific research in decision-making.

 
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Award ID(s):
1637685
NSF-PAR ID:
10421080
Author(s) / Creator(s):
;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
BioScience
Volume:
73
Issue:
6
ISSN:
0006-3568
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: p. 422-432
Size(s):
p. 422-432
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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