skip to main content


Title: Centroid Distance Keypoint Detector for Colored Point Clouds
Keypoint detection serves as the basis for many computer vision and robotics applications. Despite the fact that colored point clouds can be readily obtained, most existing keypoint detectors extract only geometry-salient keypoints, which can impede the overall performance of systems that intend to (or have the potential to) leverage color information. To promote advances in such systems, we propose an efficient multi-modal keypoint detector that can extract both geometry-salient and color-salient keypoints in colored point clouds. The proposed CEntroid Distance (CED) keypoint detector comprises an intuitive and effective saliency measure, the centroid distance, that can be used in both 3D space and color space, and a multi-modal non-maximum suppression algorithm that can select keypoints with high saliency in two or more modalities. The proposed saliency measure leverages directly the distribution of points in a local neighborhood and does not require normal estimation or eigenvalue decomposition. We evaluate the proposed method in terms of repeatability and computational efficiency (i.e. running time) against state-of-the-art keypoint detectors on both synthetic and real-world datasets. Results demonstrate that our proposed CED keypoint detector requires minimal computational time while attaining high repeatability. To showcase one of the potential applications of the proposed method, we further investigate the task of colored point cloud registration. Results suggest that our proposed CED detector outperforms state-of-the-art handcrafted and learning-based keypoint detectors in the evaluated scenes. The C++ implementation of the proposed method is made publicly available at https://github.com/UCR-Robotics/CED_Detector.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1724341 1901379
NSF-PAR ID:
10422429
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1196 - 1205
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. This paper presents MONET -- an end-to-end semi-supervised learning framework for a keypoint detector using multiview image streams. In particular, we consider general subjects such as non-human species where attaining a large scale annotated dataset is challenging. While multiview geometry can be used to self-supervise the unlabeled data, integrating the geometry into learning a keypoint detector is challenging due to representation mismatch. We address this mismatch by formulating a new differentiable representation of the epipolar constraint called epipolar divergence---a generalized distance from the epipolar lines to the corresponding keypoint distribution. Epipolar divergence characterizes when two view keypoint distributions produce zero reprojection error. We design a twin network that minimizes the epipolar divergence through stereo rectification that can significantly alleviate computational complexity and sampling aliasing in training. We demonstrate that our framework can localize customized keypoints of diverse species, e.g., humans, dogs, and monkeys. 
    more » « less
  2. The success of 6-DoF grasp learning with point cloud input is tempered by the computational costs resulting from their unordered nature and pre-processing needs for reducing the point cloud to a manageable size. These properties lead to failure on small objects with low point cloud cardinality. Instead of point clouds, this manuscript explores grasp generation directly from the RGB-D image input. The approach, called Keypoint-GraspNet (KGN), operates in perception space by detecting projected gripper keypoints in the image, then recovering their SE(3) poses with a PnP algorithm. Training of the network involves a synthetic dataset derived from primitive shape objects with known continuous grasp families. Trained with only single-object synthetic data, Keypoint-GraspNet achieves superior result on our single-object dataset, comparable performance with state-of-art baselines on a multi-object test set, and outperforms the most competitive baseline on small objects. Keypoint-GraspNet is more than 3x faster than tested point cloud methods. Robot experiments show high success rate, demonstrating KGN's practical potential. 
    more » « less
  3. This paper studies the problem of multi-person pose estimation in a bottom-up fashion. With a new and strong observation that the localization issue of the center-offset formulation can be remedied in a local-window search scheme in an ideal situation, we propose a multi-person pose estimation approach, dubbed as LOGO-CAP, by learning the LOcal-GlObal Contextual Adaptation for human Pose. Specifically, our approach learns the keypoint attraction maps (KAMs) from the local keypoints expansion maps (KEMs) in small local windows in the first step, which are subsequently treated as dynamic convolutional kernels on the keypoints-focused global heatmaps for contextual adaptation, achieving accurate multi-person pose estimation. Our method is end-to-end trainable with near real-time inference speed in a single forward pass, obtaining state-of-the-art performance on the COCO keypoint benchmark for bottom-up human pose estimation. With the COCO trained model, our method also outperforms prior arts by a large margin on the challenging OCHuman dataset. 
    more » « less
  4. This paper presents a visual servoing method for controlling a robot in the configuration space by purely using its natural features. We first created a data collection pipeline that uses camera intrinsics, extrinsics, and forward kinematics to generate 2D projections of a robot's joint locations (keypoints) in image space. Using this pipeline, we are able to collect large sets of real-robot data, which we use to train realtime keypoint detectors. The inferred keypoints from the trained model are used as control features in an adaptive visual servoing scheme that estimates, in runtime, the Jacobian relating the changes of the keypoints and joint velocities. We compared the 2D configuration control performance of this method to the skeleton-based visual servoing method (the only other algorithm for purely vision-based configuration space visual servoing), and demonstrated that the keypoints provide more robust and less noisy features, which result in better transient response. We also demonstrate the first vision-based 3D configuration space control results in the literature, and discuss its limitations. Our data collection pipeline is available at https://github.com/JaniC-WPI/KPDataGenerator.git which can be utilized to collect image datasets and train realtime keypoint detectors for various robots and environments. 
    more » « less
  5. Most existing methods handle cell instance segmentation problems directly without relying on additional detection boxes. These methods generally fails to separate touching cells due to the lack of global understanding of the objects. In contrast, box-based instance segmentation solves this problem by combining object detection with segmentation. However, existing methods typically utilize anchor box-based detectors, which would lead to inferior instance segmentation performance due to the class imbalance issue. In this paper, we propose a new box-based cell instance segmentation method. In particular, we first detect the five pre-defined points of a cell via keypoints detection. Then we group these points according to a keypoint graph and subsequently extract the bounding box for each cell. Finally, cell segmentation is performed on feature maps within the bounding boxes. We validate our method on two cell datasets with distinct object shapes, and empirically demonstrate the superiority of our method compared to other instance segmentation techniques. 
    more » « less