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Title: Characterizing the Impact of Oligomerization on Redox Flow Cell Performance

Redox flow batteries (RFBs) are hindered by complex failure modes, particularly crossover through the membrane, resulting in capacity fade and reduced cycling efficiencies. Redox‐active oligomers (RAOs) have recently been proposed for mitigating this phenomenon while maintaining sufficient transport properties; however, to date, few studies have quantified how the chemical and electrochemical properties of RAOs influence their performance in redox flow cells. Here, we demonstrate that oligomeric derivatives of 2,2,6,6‐tetramethylpiperidine 1‐oxyl (TEMPO) exhibit lower diffusivities than the monomeric species but retain facile charge transfer characteristics. The size‐dependent variations in mass transport rates directly translate to differences in flow cell polarization and symmetric cycling performance. Post‐mortem analyses reveal that oligomerization does not meaningfully alter decay processes as evinced by similar capacity fade across all species. Broadly, these findings corroborate and extend upon previously developed relationships between molecular size, electrochemical properties, and flow cell performance.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Batteries & Supercaps
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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