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Title: Single-atom nanozymes as promising catalysts for biosensing and biomedical applications
Nanozymes with intrinsic enzyme-like properties and excellent stability are promising alternatives to natural enzymes. Yet, their low density of active sites and unclear crystal structure have been the major obstacles that impede their progress. Single-atom nanozymes (SAzymes) have emerged as a unique system to mitigate these issues, due to maximal atomic utilization, well-defined electronic and geometric structures, and outstanding catalytic activity distinct from their nanosized counterparts. Furthermore, the homogeneously dispersed active sites and well-defined coordination structures provide rare pathways to shed light on the catalytic mechanisms. In this review, we summarize the latest progress in the rational design and engineering of SAzymes and their applications in biomedicine and biosensing. We then conclude the review with highlights of the remaining challenges and perspectives of this emerging technology.  more » « less
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Date Published:
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers
Page Range / eLocation ID:
4289 to 4312
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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