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Title: Sequential Small Coronal Mass Ejections Observed In Situ and in White-Light Images by Parker Solar Probe

We reconstruct the morphology and kinematics of a series of small transients that erupted from the Sun on 2021 April 24 using observations primarily from Parker Solar Probe (PSP). These sequential small coronal mass ejections (CMEs) may be the product of a continuous reconnection at a current sheet, which is a macroscopic example of the more microscopic reconnection activity that has been proposed to accelerate the solar wind more generally. These particular CMEs are of interest because they are the first CMEs to hit PSP and be simultaneously imaged by it, using the Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) instrument. Based on imaging from WISPR and STEREO-A, we identify and model six discrete transients, and determine that it is the second of them (CME2) that first hits PSP, although PSP later more obliquely also encounters the third transient. Signatures of these encounters are seen in the PSP in situ data. Within these data, we identify six candidate magnetic flux ropes (MFRs), all but one of which are associated with the second transient. The five CME2 MFRs have orientations that are roughly consistent with PSP encountering the right-hand sides of roughly E-W oriented MFRs, which are sloping back toward the Sun.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Article No. 123
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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