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Title: Modeling the Development of an Equatorial Plasma Bubble During a Midnight Temperature Maximum With SAMI3/WACCM‐X
Abstract

We report results from a self‐consistent global simulation model in which a large‐scale equatorial plasma bubble (EPB) forms during a midnight temperature maximum (MTM). The global model comprises the ionospheric code SAMI3 and the atmosphere/thermosphere code WACCM‐X. We consider solar minimum conditions for the month of August. We show that an EPB forms during an MTM in the Pacific sector and is caused by equatorward neutral wind flows. Although this is consistent with the theoretical result that a meridional neutral wind (V) with a negative gradient (∂V/∂θ < 0) is a destabilizing influence [Huba & Krall, 2013,https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50292] (where a northward meridional neutral windVis positive andθis the latitude and increases in the northward direction), we find that the primary cause of the EPB is the large decrease in the Pedersen conductance caused by the equatorward winds.

 
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Award ID(s):
1931415
NSF-PAR ID:
10441562
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume:
50
Issue:
15
ISSN:
0094-8276
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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