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Title: Diversity, divergence and density: How habitat and hybrid zone dynamics maintain a genomic cline in an intertidal barnacle
Abstract Aim

As within‐species genomic data have been shown useful in interpreting broader biogeographic trends, we analysed the mode of population genomic isolation involved in a well‐studied intertidal genomic cline to better understand the mechanisms maintaining it. These results were interpreted in the context of spatial variation in habitat use and availability as well as likely fitness consequences for hybridization between the two lineages.

Location

Pacific coast of North America.

Taxon

Arthropods (Class Maxillopoda, Order Sessilia, Family Balanidae;Balanus glandula).

Methods

Genotype‐by‐sequencing approaches were used to generate single‐nucleotide polymorphism markers across sites sampled between southern Alaska and Southern California. Inference using standard population genomic methods, including analysis of population structure, inbreeding and linkage disequilibrium, was used to identify the steepest transitions across the largest number of loci examined. These data were put in the context of observed population density and habitat availability.

Results

We show that the majority of markers analysed show strong clinal transitions in a very narrow portion of the California coast. Patterns of linkage disequilibrium among markers, along with prior evidence of variation in reproductive potential by latitude and by mitochondrial lineage, suggest some reproductive isolation among the northern and southern lineages ofB. glandulathat are concordant with the drop in population density and habitat availability in central California.

Main Conclusions

A significant clinal transition in genomic diversity is stronger and more localized than previously recognized and exhibits statistical patterns suggesting that the lineages are reproductively and phenotypically distinct in ways that may be ecologically important. As this species has been used to infer process in coastal biogeography, further study of concordant patterns will be important for advancing our understanding of this region.

 
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Award ID(s):
1924599 1759797
NSF-PAR ID:
10449029
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley-Blackwell
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Biogeography
Volume:
48
Issue:
9
ISSN:
0305-0270
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: p. 2174-2185
Size(s):
["p. 2174-2185"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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