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Title: A flexible and robust method for assessing conditional association and conditional concordance

When analyzing bivariate outcome data, it is often of scientific interest to measure and estimate the association between the bivariate outcomes. In the presence of influential covariates for one or both of the outcomes, conditional association measures can quantify the strength of association without the disturbance of the marginal covariate effects, to provide cleaner and less‐confounded insights into the bivariate association. In this work, we propose estimation and inferential procedures for assessing the conditional Kendall's tau coefficient given the covariates, by adopting the quantile regression and quantile copula framework to handle marginal covariate effects. The proposed method can flexibly accommodate right censoring and be readily applied to bivariate survival data. It also facilitates an estimator of the conditional concordance measure, namely, a conditionalindex, where the unconditionalindex is commonly used to assess the predictive capacity for survival outcomes. The proposed method is flexible and robust and can be easily implemented using standard software. The method performed satisfactorily in extensive simulation studies with and without censoring. Application of our methods to two real‐life data examples demonstrates their desirable practical utility.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Statistics in Medicine
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 3656-3668
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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