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Title: Phylogeography of the widespread creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus (Cypriniformes: Leuciscidae)

The extent and nature of genetic differentiation inSemotilus atromaculatus, one of the most abundant and widespread leuciscids in North America, were evaluated based on mitochondrial (mt) and nuclear DNA sequence variation. Phylogenetic relationships were first inferred based on a fragment of the cytochrome b (cytb) region and the nuclear introns7gene forS. atromaculatusand all other congeners as well as representative species from all other genera in the creek chub–plagopterin clade. The phylogeography of major haplogroups ofS. atromaculatuswas also assessed according to variation in a fragment of the mitochondrialcytbregion from 567 individuals across its range. All analyses identifiedS. thoreauianus,S. lumbeeandS. corporalisas reciprocally monophyletic groups. Analyses of nuclear sequence variation resolvedS. atromaculatusas a single clade, whereS. thoreauianusandS. lumbeewere recovered as the sister group toS. atromaculatus, andS. corporaliswas resolved as sister to all other species in the genus. Analyses of mtDNA sequence variation recoveredS. atromaculatusas three well supported and differentiated monophyletic groups, with a widespread genetically homogeneous lineage extending across most of the current range of the species; a more geographically restricted and geographically structured lineage in the southern Appalachians, sister group toS. lumbee; and a geographically restricted lineage was identified from two Gulf Slope basins. Evidence of complex mito‐nuclear discordance and phylogeographic differentiation withinS. atromaculatusillustrates that further analysis of widespread species is warranted to understand North American freshwater fish diversity and distributions.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Fish Biology
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 778-791
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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