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Title: Metatranscriptomic identification of polyamine‐transforming bacterioplankton in the Gulf of Mexico
Summary

The importance of short‐chained aliphatic polyamines (PAs) to bacterioplankton‐mediated carbon and nitrogen cycles has been repeatedly proposed. However, bacterial taxa and genes involved in the transformations of different PA compounds and their potential spatial variations remain unclear. This study collected surface bacterioplankton from nearshore, offshore, and open ocean stations in the Gulf of Mexico and examined how metatranscriptomes responded to additions of three single PA model compounds (i.e. putrescine, spermidine, or spermine). Our data showed an overrepresentation of genes affiliated with γ‐glutamylation and spermidine cleavage pathways in metatranscriptomes received PA amendments and the expression level of each pathway varied among different PA compounds and sampling locations. PA‐transforming taxa were affiliated withActinobacteria,Bacteroidetes,Cyanobacteria,Planctomycetes, andProteobacteriaand their relative importance was also compound and location specific. These findings suggest that PAs are transformed via multiple pathways and by a diversity of marine bacterioplankton in the Gulf of Mexico. The relative importance of different PA transforming pathways and composition of functional microbial communities may be regulated by nutrient status of local environments.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10457753
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley-Blackwell
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Environmental Microbiology Reports
Volume:
12
Issue:
3
ISSN:
1758-2229
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 258-266
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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