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Title: Integrating herbarium specimen observations into global phenology data systems
Premise of the Study

The Plant Phenology Ontology (PPO) was originally developed to integrate phenology observations of whole plants across different global observation networks. Here we describe a new release of thePPOand associated data pipelines that supports integration of phenology observations from herbarium specimens, which provide historical and modern phenology data.

Methods and Results

Critical changes to thePPOinclude key terms that describe how measurements from parts of plants, which are captured in most imaged herbarium specimens, relate to whole plants. We provide proof of concept for ingesting annotations from imaged herbarium sheets ofPrunus serotina, the common black cherry. We then provide an example analysis of changes in flowering timing over the past 125 years, demonstrating the value of integrating herbarium and observational phenology data sets.

Conclusions

These conceptual and technical advances will support the addition of phenology data from herbaria, but also could be expanded upon to facilitate the inclusion of data from photograph‐based citizen science platforms. With the incorporation of herbarium phenology data, new historical baseline data will strengthen the capability to monitor, model, and forecast plant phenology changes.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10461121
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Applications in Plant Sciences
Volume:
7
Issue:
3
ISSN:
2168-0450
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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