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Title: Investigation of stochastic toolpath strategy in three-axis ball-end milling of 2D and free-form surfaces

The machining of free-form components by ball-end milling inherently produces surface error in the form of scallops. The objective of any free-form toolpath strategy is to balance productivity while minimizing scallop height to reduce surface error. Conventional machining strategies produce repeatable material patterns (constant scallop height) that may limit workpiece function in areas such as lubricity, directional anisotropy, and aesthetic appearance. These strategies also involve steady-state cuts, which allow accumulation of temperature, restrict the permissible depth and speed. In the present paper a novel complex stochastic toolpath strategy has been proposed that comprises pseudo-random circular contours concatenated into a smooth path. The approach enables continuous variation of chip load, force, and direction, and avoids conditions of continuous, periodic high cutting loads and heat accumulation. Based on initial testing, it has been observed that stochastic toolpaths are longer than conventional toolpaths. However, a decrease in average cutting loads enable reduction in cutting time with feed optimization. Additionally, the proposed strategy resulted in lower scallop height than conventional machining, thereby improving surface condition.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10470233
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
SAGE Publications
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
ISSN:
0954-4054
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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