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Title: Constraining Inputs to Realistic Kilonova Simulations through Comparison to Observed r-process Abundances
Kilonovae, one source of electromagnetic emission associated with neutron star mergers, are powered by the decay of radioactive isotopes in the neutron-rich merger ejecta. Models for kilonova emission consistent with the electromagnetic counterpart to GW170817 predict characteristic abundance patterns, determined by the relative balance of different types of material in the outflow. Assuming that the observed source is prototypical, this inferred abundance pattern in turn must matchr-process abundances deduced by other means, such as what is observed in the solar system. We report on analysis comparing the input mass-weighted elemental compositions adopted in our radiative transfer simulations to the mass fractions of elements in the Sun, as a practical prototype for the potentially universal abundance signature from neutron star mergers. We characterize the extent to which our parameter inference results depend on our assumed composition for the dynamical and wind ejecta and examine how the new results compare to previous work. We find that a dynamical ejecta composition calculated using the FRDM2012 nuclear mass and FRLDM fission models with extremely neutron-rich ejecta (Ye= 0.035) along with moderately neutron-rich (Ye= 0.27) wind ejecta composition yields a wind-to-dynamical mass ratio ofMw/Md= 0.47, which best matches the observed AT2017gfo kilonova light curves while also producing the best-matching abundance of neutron capture elements in the solar system, though, allowing for systematics, the ratio may be as high as of order unity.

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Award ID(s):
1909534 2206321
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
American Astronomical Society
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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