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Title: Spectrum of large N glueballs: holography vs lattice

Recently there has been a notable progress in the study of glueball states in lattice gauge theories, in particular extrapolating their spectrum to the limit of large number of colorsN. In this note we compare the largeNlattice results with the holographic predictions, focusing on the Klebanov-Strassler model, which describes a gauge theory with$$ \mathcal{N} $$N= 1 supersymmetry. We note that glueball spectrum demonstrates approximate universality across a range of gauge theory models. Because of this universality the holographic models can give reliable predictions for the spectrum of pure SU(N) Yang-Mills theories with and without supersymmetry. This is especially important for the supersymmetric theories, for which no firm lattice predictions exist yet, and the holographic models remain the most tractable approach. For SU(N) theories with largeNthe lattice non-supersymmetric and holographic supersymmetric predictions for the mass ratios of the lightest states in various sectors agree up to 5–8%, supporting the proposed universality. In particular, both lattice and holography give predictions for the 2++and 1−−mass ratio, consistent with the known constraints on the pomeron and odderon Regge trajectories.

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Springer (Journal of High Energy Physics)
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Journal of High Energy Physics
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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