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Title: A strontium-rich ultra-metal-poor star in the Atari disc component

We report on the discovery of the first ultra-metal-poor (UMP) star 2MASS J20500194−6613298 (J2050−6613; [Fe/H] = −4.05) selected from the Gaia BP/RP spectral catalogue that belongs to the ancient Atari disc component. We obtained a high-resolution spectrum for the star with the MIKE spectrograph on the Magellan-Clay telescope. J2050−6613 displays a typical chemical abundance pattern for UMP stars, including carbon and zinc enhancements. In contrast, J2050−6613 shows extremely high [Sr/Fe] and [Sr/Ba] ratios compared to other stars in the [Fe/H] < −4.0 regime. J2050−6613 is most likely an early Population II star that formed from a gas cloud that was chemically enriched by a massive Population III hypernova (E > 1052 erg). Such a Population III core-collapse hypernova could simultaneously explain the origin of the abundance pattern of light and heavy elements of 2MASS J2050−6613 if a large amount of Sr of ∼10−5 M⊙ was produced, possibly by neutrino-driven (wind) ejecta. Therefore, the abundance pattern of 2MASS J2050−6613 places important constraints on Sr-producing nucleosynthesis sources operating in the Atari progenitor at the earliest times.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Medium: X Size: p. L60-L66
["p. L60-L66"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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