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Title: Atmospheric Metallicity and C/O of HD 189733 b from High-resolution Spectroscopy

We present high-resolutionK-band emission spectra of the quintessential hot Jupiter HD 189733 b from the Keck Planet Imager and Characterizer. Using a Bayesian retrieval framework, we fit the dayside pressure–temperature profile, orbital kinematics, mass-mixing ratios of H2O, CO, CH4, NH3, HCN, and H2S, and the13CO/12CO ratio. We measure mass fractions oflogH2O=2.00.4+0.4andlogCO=2.20.5+0.5, and place upper limits on the remaining species. Notably, we find logCH4< −4.5 at 99% confidence, despite its anticipated presence at the equilibrium temperature of HD 189733 b assuming local thermal equilibrium. We make a tentative (∼3σ) detection of13CO, and the retrieved posteriors suggest a12C/13C ratio similar to or substantially less than the local interstellar value. The possible13C enrichment would be consistent with accretion of fractionated material in ices or in the protoplanetary disk midplane. The retrieved abundances correspond to a substantially substellar atmospheric C/O = 0.3 ± 0.1, while the carbon and oxygen abundances are stellar to slightly superstellar, consistent with core-accretion models which predict an inverse correlation between C/O and metallicity. The specific combination of low C/O and high metallicity suggests significant accretion of solid material may have occurred late in the formation process of HD 189733 b.

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AAS Journals
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Journal Name:
The Astronomical Journal
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Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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