skip to main content

This content will become publicly available on August 24, 2024

Title: Market Models of Spectrum Attacks with Shared Spectrum
Security is a critical concern in shared spectrum environments. In additional to degrading service, attacks can influence the market interactions between competing service providers (SPs). This paper investigates these interactions by considering two SPs engaged in Cournot competition while utilizing both proprietary and shared spectrum, with shared spectrum available in either licensed or open-access forms. Additionally, we assume the presence of an attacker whose objective is to deny service to one or more of the shared bands for a fraction of the time, consequently reducing the overall total revenue. We analyze the optimal forms of attacks under different attacker objectives and their repercussions on the resulting market equilibrium. Utilizing these analyses, we compare the impacts of various spectrum sharing approaches (licensed and open access) and differing amounts of spectrum holdings of the two providers.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
Publisher / Repository:
Date Published:
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 8
Medium: X
Singapore, Singapore
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Unlicensed spectrum has been viewed as a way to increase competition in wireless access and promote innovation in new technologies and business models. However, several recent papers have shown that the openness of such spectrum can also lead to it becoming over congested when used by competing wireless service providers (SPs). This in turn can result in the SPs making no profit and may deter them from entering the market. However, this prior work assumes that unlicensed access is a separate service from any service offered using licensed spectrum. Here, we instead consider the more common case were service providers bundle both licensed and unlicensed spectrum as a single service and offer this with a single price. We analyze a model for such a market and show that in this case SPs are able to gain higher profit than the case without bundling. It is also possible to get higher social welfare with bundling. Moreover, we explore the case where SPs are allowed to manage the customers' average percentage of time they receive service on unlicensed spectrum and characterize the social welfare gap between the profit maximizing and social welfare maximizing setting. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
    The Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) recently adopted in the U.S. enables commercial users to share spectrum with incumbent federal users. This sharing can be assisted by Environmental Sensing Capability operators (ESCs), that monitor the spectrum occupancy to determine when the use of the spectrum will not harm incumbents. An important aspect of the CBRS is that it enables two tiers of spectrum access by commercial users. The higher tier corresponds to a spectrum access (SA) firm that purchases a priority access license (PAL) in a competitive auction. The PAL holder obtains dedicated licensed access to a portion of the spectrum when the incumbent is not present. The lower tier, referred to as generalized Authorized Access (GAA), does not request a PAL and is similar to unlicensed access, in which multiple firms share a portion of the spectrum. Entry and investment in such a market introduces a number of new dimensions. Should an entrant bid for a PAL? How does the availability of a PAL impact their investment decisions? We develop a game-theoretic model to study these issues in which entrant SAs may bid in a PAL auction and decide on their investment levels and then compete downstream for customers. 
    more » « less
  3. We consider a model in which two competing wireless service providers with licensed spectrum may pool a portion of their spectrum to better exploit statistical multiplexing. Given an amount of pooled spectrum, the providers engage in Cournot competition. We study the impact of pooling spectrum on the outcome of this competition and show that the gains from multiplexing are dissipated due to the competition among the providers. 
    more » « less
  4. Radio frequency (RF) spectrum is transitioning from exclusive licensed to shared use in many bands. We demonstrate our design and implementation of a spectrum access system (SAS), which allows centrally coordinated access to shared spectrum. It shows how resources are requested by the radios and how the SAS tracks spectrum occupation and grants or denies access to requesting nodes. The open-source software framework is readily installed on Virginia Tech’s cognitive radio network (CORNET) testbed, a remotely-accessible wireless research platform of large scale. 
    more » « less
  5. In this paper, we develop a distributed mechanism for spectrum sharing among a network of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and licensed terrestrial networks. This method can provide a practical solution for situations where the UAV network may need external spectrum when dealing with congested spectrum or need to change its operational frequency due to security threats. Here we study a scenario where the UAV network performs a remote sensing mission. In this model, the UAVs are categorized to two clusters of relaying and sensing UAVs. The relay UAVs provide a relaying service for a licensed network to obtain spectrum access for the rest of UAVs that perform the sensing task. We develop a distributed mechanism in which the UAVs locally decide whether they need to participate in relaying or sensing considering the fact that communications among UAVs may not be feasible or reliable. The UAVs learn the optimal task allocation using a distributed reinforcement learning algorithm. Convergence of the algorithm is discussed and simulation results are presented for different scenarios to verify the convergence. 
    more » « less