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Title: Towards limited-domain full waveform ambient noise inversion

Ambient noise tomography is a well-established tomographic imaging technique but the effect that spatially variable noise sources have on the measurements remains challenging to account for. Full waveform ambient noise inversion has emerged recently as a promising solution but is computationally challenging since even distant noise sources can have an influence on the interstation correlation functions and therefore requires a prohibitively large numerical domain, beyond that of the tomographic region of interest. We investigate a new strategy that allows us to reduce the simulation domain while still being able to account for distant contributions. To allow nearby numerical sources to account for distant true sources, we introduce correlated sources and generate a time-dependent effective source distribution at the boundary of a small region of interest that excites the correlation wavefield of a larger domain. In a series of 2-D numerical simulations, we demonstrate that the proposed methodology with correlated sources is able to successfully represent a far-field source that is simultaneously present with nearby sources and the methodology also successfully results in a robustly estimated noise source distribution. Furthermore, we show how beamforming results can be used as prior information regarding the azimuthal variation of the ambient noise sources in helping determine the far-field noise distribution. These experiments provide insight into how to reduce the computational cost needed to perform full waveform ambient noise inversion, which is key to turning it into a viable tomographic technique. In addition, the presented experiments may help reduce source-induced bias in time-dependent monitoring applications.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Journal International
Medium: X Size: p. 965-973
p. 965-973
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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