skip to main content


Title: Smart Snapshot spectropolarimetric imaging enabled by optical metasurfaces and deep learning
We present broadband full-stokes spectropolarimetry using a chiral metasurface, which can retrieve spatially distributed wavelength information and full-stokes polarization states in a single shot.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2047446
NSF-PAR ID:
10504593
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Optica Publishing Group
Date Published:
ISBN:
978-1-957171-25-8
Page Range / eLocation ID:
FTh4D.1
Format(s):
Medium: X
Location:
San Jose, CA
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    Polarized thermal emission finds extensive applications in remote sensing, landmine detection, and target detection. In applications such as ellipsometry and biomedical analysis, the generation of emission with controllable polarization is preferred. It is desired to manipulate the polarization state over the full Stokes parameters. While numerous studies have demonstrated either linear or circular polarization control using metamaterials, full-Stokes thermal emission has not been explored. Here, a microstructure based on two layers of silicon carbide gratings is proposed to tailor the polarization state of thermal emission, covering the full-Stokes parameter range. The bilayer twisted-gratings structure breaks mirror symmetry. Wave interference at the interfaces and diffraction by the gratings enhance the emission dichroism, resulting in almost completely polarized emission. By adjusting the twist angle between the gratings, the polarization state can be continuously tuned from linear to circular, nearly covering the entire surface of Poincaré sphere. This study provides a design for tailoring full-Stokes emission with notable advantages over other plasmonic metasurfaces.

     
    more » « less
  2. Metasurfaces are a new class of diffractive optical elements with subwavelength elements whose behavior can be lithographically tailored. By leveraging form birefringence, metasurfaces can serve as multifunctional freespace polarization optics. Metasurface gratings are novel, to the best of our knowledge, polarimetric components that integrate multiple polarization analyzers into a single optical element enabling the realization of compact imaging polarimeters. The promise of metasurfaces as a new polarization building block is contingent on the calibration of metagrating-based optical systems. A prototype metasurface full Stokes imaging polarimeter is compared to a benchtop reference instrument using an established linear Stokes test for 670, 532, and 460 nm gratings. We propose a complementary full Stokes accuracy test and demonstrate it using the 532 nm grating. This work presents methods and practical considerations involved in producing accurate polarization data from a metasurface-based Stokes imaging polarimeter and informs their use in polarimetric systems more generally.

     
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Polarimetric imaging has a wide range of applications for uncovering features invisible to human eyes and conventional imaging sensors. Chip-integrated, fast, cost-effective, and accurate full-Stokes polarimetric imaging sensors are highly desirable in many applications, which, however, remain elusive due to fundamental material limitations. Here we present a chip-integratedMetasurface-based Full-StokesPolarimetricImaging sensor (MetaPolarIm) realized by integrating an ultrathin (~600 nm) metasurface polarization filter array (MPFA) onto a visible imaging sensor with CMOS compatible fabrication processes. The MPFA is featured with broadband dielectric-metal hybrid chiral metasurfaces and double-layer nanograting polarizers. This chip-integrated polarimetric imaging sensor enables single-shot full-Stokes imaging (speed limited by the CMOS imager) with the most compact form factor, records high measurement accuracy, dual-color operation (green and red) and a field of view up to 40 degrees. MetaPolarIm holds great promise to enable transformative applications in autonomous vision, industry inspection, space exploration, medical imaging and diagnosis.

     
    more » « less
  4. We calibrate and test a division-of-focal-plane red–green–blue (RGB) full-Stokes imaging polarimeter in a variety of indoor and outdoor environments. The polarimeter, acting as a polarization camera, utilizes a low dispersion microretarder array on top of a sensor with Bayer filters and wire-grid linear polarizers. We also present the design and fabrication of the microretarder array and the assembly of the camera and validate the performance of the camera by taking multiple RGB full-Stokes images and videos. Our camera has a small form factor due to its single-sensor design and the unique capability to measure the intensity, color, and polarization of an optical field in a single shot.

     
    more » « less
  5. The problem of orthogonal penetration of a blade into the core of a vortex with non-zero axial flow was studied using a combination of scaling theory, a heuristic plug-flow model and full Navier–Stokes simulations. The particular focus of this paper was to understand the mechanics of the transient lift force that occurs during the initial penetration of the blade leading edge into the vortex core, and the relationship of this transient force to the steady-state lift force that develops due to the difference in vortex core radius over the blade surface. The three modelling approaches all lead to the conclusion that the maximum value of the lift coefficient for the transient blade penetration force is proportional to the impact parameter and inversely proportional to the axial flow parameter. This observation is used to develop a simple expression that collapses the predictions of the full Navier–Stokes simulations for lift coefficient over a wide range of parameter values. 
    more » « less