%ANettasinghe, Buddhika%AKrishnamurthy, Vikram%ALerman, Kristina%BJournal Name: IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
%D2019%I
%JJournal Name: IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
%K
%MOSTI ID: 10091446
%PMedium: X
%TDiffusion in Social Networks: Effects of Monophilic Contagion, Friendship Paradox and Reactive Networks
%XWe consider SIS contagion processes over networks where, a classical assumption is that individuals' decisions to adopt a contagion are based on their immediate neighbors. However, recent literature shows that some attributes are more correlated between two-hop neighbors, a concept referred to as monophily. This motivates us to explore monophilic contagion, the case where a contagion (e.g. a product, disease) is adopted by considering two-hop neighbors instead of immediate neighbors (e.g. you ask your friend about the new iPhone and she recommends you the opinion of one of her friends). We show that the phenomenon called friendship paradox makes it easier for the monophilic contagion to spread widely. We also consider the case where the underlying network stochastically evolves in response to the state of the contagion (e.g. depending on the severity of a flu virus, people restrict their interactions with others to avoid getting infected) and show that the dynamics of such a process can be approximated by a differential equation whose trajectory satisfies an algebraic constraint restricting it to a manifold. Our results shed light on how graph theoretic consequences affect contagions and, provide simple deterministic models to approximate the collective dynamics of contagions over stochastic graph processes.
%0Journal Article