%ABarkeshli, Maissam%ACheng, Meng%BJournal Name: SciPost Physics; Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 2
%D2020%I
%JJournal Name: SciPost Physics; Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 2
%K
%MOSTI ID: 10142858
%PMedium: X
%TRelative anomalies in (2+1)D symmetry enriched topological states
%XCertain patterns of symmetry fractionalization in topologicallyordered phases of matter are anomalous, in the sense that they can onlyoccur at the surface of a higher dimensional symmetry-protectedtopological (SPT) state. An important question is to determine how tocompute this anomaly, which means determining which SPT hosts a givensymmetry-enriched topological order at its surface. While special casesare known, a general method to compute the anomaly has so far beenlacking. In this paper we propose a general method to compute relativeanomalies between different symmetry fractionalization classes of agiven (2+1)D topological order. This method applies to all types ofsymmetry actions, including anyon-permuting symmetries and generalspace-time reflection symmetries. We demonstrate compatibility of therelative anomaly formula with previous results for diagnosing anomaliesfor \mathbb{Z}_2^{T} ℤ 2 T space-time reflection symmetry (e.g. where time-reversal squares to theidentity) and mixed anomalies for U(1) \times \mathbb{Z}_2^{T} U ( 1 ) × ℤ 2 T and U(1) \rtimes \mathbb{Z}_2^{T} U ( 1 ) ⋊ ℤ 2 T symmetries. We also study a number of additional examples, includingcases where space-time reflection symmetries are intertwined innon-trivial ways with unitary symmetries, such as \mathbb{Z}_4^{T} ℤ 4 T and mixed anomalies for \mathbb{Z}_2 \times \mathbb{Z}_2^{T} ℤ 2 × ℤ 2 T symmetry, and unitary \mathbb{Z}_2 \times \mathbb{Z}_2 ℤ 2 × ℤ 2 symmetry with non-trivial anyon permutations.
%0Journal Article