%AJiang, Shengtao%AScalapino, Douglas%AWhite, Steven%BJournal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 44; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2021-11-12 06:10:51
%D2021%IProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; None
%JJournal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 44; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2021-11-12 06:10:51
%K
%MOSTI ID: 10307360
%PMedium: X; Size: Article No. e2109978118
%TGround-state phase diagram of the
*t-t*
′
*-J*
model
%XWe report results of large-scale ground-state density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations on t-${t}^{\prime}$-J cylinders with circumferences 6 and 8. We determine a rough phase diagram that appears to approximate the two-dimensional (2D) system. While for many properties, positive and negative${t}^{\prime}$values (${t}^{\prime}/t=\pm 0.2$) appear to correspond to electron- and hole-doped cuprate systems, respectively, the behavior of superconductivity itself shows an inconsistency between the model and the materials. The${t}^{\prime}<0$(hole-doped) region shows antiferromagnetism limited to very low doping, stripes more generally, and the familiar Fermi surface of the hole-doped cuprates. However, we find${t}^{\prime}<0$strongly suppresses superconductivity. The${t}^{\prime}>0$(electron-doped) region shows the expected circular Fermi pocket of holes around the$\left(\pi ,\pi \right)$point and a broad low-doped region of coexisting antiferromagnetism and d-wave pairing with a triplet p component at wavevector$\left(\pi ,\pi \right)$induced by the antiferromagnetism and d-wave pairing. The pairing for the electron low-doped system with${t}^{\prime}>0$is strong and unambiguous in the DMRG simulations. At larger doping another broad region with stripes in addition to weaker d-wave pairing and striped p-wave pairing appears. In a small doping region near$x=0.08$for${t}^{\prime}\sim -0.2$, we find an unconventional type of stripe involving unpaired holes located predominantly on chains spaced three lattice spacings apart. The undoped two-leg ladder regions in between mimic the short-ranged spin correlations seen in two-leg Heisenberg ladders.

%0Journal Article