%ACarscadden, Henry%AKuhlman, Chris%AMarathe, Madhav%ARavi, S.%ARosenkrantz, Daniel%BJournal Name: Network science; Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 3
%D2022%I
%JJournal Name: Network science; Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 3
%K
%MOSTI ID: 10385089
%PMedium: X
%TTechniques for Blocking the Propagation of Two Simultaneous Contagions over Networks Using a Graph Dynamical Systems Framework
%XWe consider the simultaneous propagation of two contagions over a social network. We assume a threshold model for the propagation of the two contagions and use the formal framework of discrete dynamical systems. In particular, we study an optimization problem where the goal is to minimize the total number of new infections subject to a budget constraint on the total number of available vaccinations for the contagions. While this problem has been considered in the literature for a single contagion, our work considers the simultaneous propagation of two contagions. This optimization problem is NP-hard. We present two main solution approaches for the problem, namely an integer linear programming (ILP) formulation to obtain optimal solutions and a heuristic based on a generalization of the set cover problem. We carry out a comprehensive experimental evaluation of our solution approaches using many real-world networks. The experimental results show that our heuristic algorithm produces solutions that are close to the optimal solution and runs several orders of magnitude faster than the ILP-based approach for obtaining optimal solutions. We also carry out sensitivity studies of our heuristic algorithm.
%0Journal Article